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The Meaning of “New Town”The Interpretation by The First Training Session of SDC

From:SDChina   Time:2016/08/10 18:33:22   Hits:503

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The First Training Session of 2017 Solar Decathlon China, i.e. Solar Decathlon China (SDC) Forum Low-carbon Smart Urbanization, was held in Dezhou on July 27, 2016.

 

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The training session lasted 3 days and mainly consisted of four parts, i.e. training for competition teams, the press conference of the government of Dezhou on the First Training Session of Solar Decathlon China, SDC Forum and village visit. Next, Id like to introduce the highlights of the Forum to all of you. In addition to the opening ceremony of the Forum, i.e. the first part of the Forum where leader at all levels make speeches and addresses, the Forum contains four main parts, i.e. New Town, New Energy; New Town, New Model; New Town, New Transport; New Town, New Dezhou.

 

In the discussion of the second part New Town, New Energy, when talking about Chinas renewable energy development, Li Qionghui, director of New Energy Institute of State Grid Energy Research Institute, said, by the end of 2015, China has become the most dynamic country in the world in terms of renewable energy development, and the installed capacity of non-hydro renewable energy and fuel power generators in 2015 ranks the first in the world.Non-hydro renewable energy sources refer to renewable energy sources other than water resources. The investment in non-hydro renewable energy sources in China ranks the first in the world too. By the end of 2015, the total installed capacity of photovoltaic power generation worldwide has reached 230 million kilowatts. China has overtaken Germany as the worlds biggest photovoltaic power generation country and takes the lead in the global PV industry, especially the solar PV power generation industry. When discussing typical cases about the application of distributed photovoltaic systems in China, she mentioned the construction of a distributed PV power generation demonstration zone dominated by National Energy Administration, of which the electric energy production reached 750,000 kilowatts in 2015. With regard to the construction of distributed PV villages, the first distributed PV project of China appears in Shandong province. Xu Pengfei, a Qingdao citizen, is the first natural person that adopts distributed PV power generation.

 

In the discussion of the third part New Town, New Model, when talking about the meaning of new town, Ms. Wu Changhua, chairman of Rifkin Office China Region and China Redesign Center, said, in todays mainstream discourse system, we would not only think of low-carbon cities when talking about low carbon, and of course, low carbon is still a very important element.However, in the development course of new towns, urbanization has been given a new meaning. In todays China, we advocate green life, low carbon, circular economy and intelligence. We advocate green, because the environmental pollution problem confronting us urgently needs to be addressed, especially in todays China. We advocate low carbon, because China, as the worlds biggest emitter, is obligatory to solve the carbon emission problem and the climate change problem. We advocate circular economy because our development is restricted by natural resources. We advocate intelligence, because we need to know how to make the most of the technology means to achieve the best effect in the rapid development course of new technologies. The new town and the road of new-type urbanization we said today have already had more profound meanings.

 

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In the discussion of the fourth part New Town, New Transport, there is a much debated topic. When talking about immature supporting facilities for electric vehicles such as charging piles, Mr. He Jijiang, director of Policy Research Office of Innovation Research Institute, Tsinghua University, put forward a viable solution. If the electricity consumption of a community is 10,000kw, the electricity consumption at 3:00 a.m. or 4:00 a.m. will be 3,000w or 2,000w. If we require electric vehicles users to charge their vehicles in the hours with low electricity consumption, the problem of insufficient electric capacity confronting the community will be alleviated. To achieve this, we need some support. First, we need to adopt peak and valley electricity prices. With regard the prices, were making suggestions to National Development and Reform Commission, which values our suggestions highly. Second, we need to carry out intelligent management for electric vehicles and strictly control the charging time of electric vehicles. Of course, it is impossible to require all electric vehicle owners in the community to charge their vehicles at 11:00 p.m.. Thus, no matter whether the community has 100 or 500 electric vehicles, we just need to an intelligent  management device. In the construction process of new towns, all communities might need such an intelligent management device. Nevertheless, the community residents face a policy problem, i.e. multi-step electricity pricing.  Although we encourage people to use electric vehicles, multi-step electricity pricing influences peoples use of electric vehicles. In addition to communities, the construction industry also needs peak and valley electricity prices. During peak hours, the electricity price is relatively high; during off-peak hours, the electricity price is relatively low. We can build photovoltaic power generation devices in the parking lots of buildings and on other relevant roofs and use them to charge electric vehicles. With regard to the PV power generation price, the price in the grid-connected PV system of Dezhou is 9.8 yuan and the price in the grid-connected PV system of Beijing is 1.8. That is to say, it is entirely possible to popularize PV charging. In other words, we should build plenty of PV charging stations in future public parking lots and commercial parking lots.

 

In the discussion of the last part New Town, New Dezhou, the leaders of Shandong province and the leaders of Dezhou introduced local incubation and talent introduction policies and industrial policies in details. The representatives of local enterprises in Dezhou introduced the development status and products of such enterprises.

Solar Decathlon China (SDC) is a green energy building technology competition that is designed to promote the adjustment of energy structure and facilitate the development of green energy resources and regards worldwide colleges and universities as its participating units. The purpose of the competition is to rely on the technologies and ideas of the worlds top research, development and design teams to combine green energy with architectural design closely and to design, build and operate a fully functioning, comfortable, livable, and sustainable new energy living space, accordingly proving that a residence just relying on green energy could be a fully functioning, comfortable and sustainable living space.

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